HUMAN MODELS
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ViP3

 

 

Computable Virtual Population - ViP 3.x: 
Resolution at its Limit

The Computable Virtual Population V3.x (cViP 3.x) models are computable high-end high-resolution posable whole-body models for biophysical and biomedical modelling, including medical implant safety assessments.

These models include more than 120 anatomical features and more than 300 tissues all together. The exhaustive list of tissues currently included is available for download

The CAD format of the organs allows meshing at arbitrary resolution without loss of detail and small features due to repeated sampling.

All the values of our comprehensive and up-to-date database of tissue properties can be applied to the cViP models.

 

NEWS

All human models, except for Charlie/Nina and the pregnant woman model, are now available as cViP 3.1: This means they can be posed using the new biomechanical FEM poser tool in Sim4Life.

Compatibility with previous versions

The ViP 3.x models have been validated and their compatibility with the ViP 1.x models has been assessed for EM simulations: the results of MR safety and MR implant safety evaluations are statistically identical between the two versions.

 

 

 
Name Sex

 

Age
[year]

Height1
[m]

Weight1
[kg]

BMI1
[kg/m²]

Glenn

male

84

1.73

61.1

20.4

Fats

male

37

1.82

119.5

36.1

Duke

male

34

1.77

70.2

22.4

Ella

female

26

1.63

57.3

21.6

Louis

male

14

1.68

49.7

17.6

Billie

female

11

1.49

34.0

15.3

Eartha

female

8

1.36

29.9

16.2

Dizzy

male

8

1.37

25.3 

13.5

Thelonious

male

6

1.16

18.6

13.8

Roberta

female

5

1.09

17.8

14.9

Nina2

female

3

0.92

13.9

16.4

Charlie2

female

8 weeks

N/A

4.3

N/A

Pregnant woman I2,3

N/A

3 months
(in utero)

N/A

0.015

N/A

Pregnant woman II2,3

N/A

7 months
(in utero)

N/A

1.4

N/A

Pregnant woman III2,3

female

9 months
(in utero)

N/A

2.7

N/A

1 These values are calculated based on the latest version of the models and of the tissue properties database
2 These models exist in version 1.x only.
3 The specifications refer to the fetus. The adult model is that of Ella.

 

Systems Requirements

The CAD models require a 64-bit Windows XP and above operating system and at least 4 GB of RAM for V1.x and 6 GB for V3.x. Depending on the resolution of the models, the memory requirements for loading and processing the voxel models can be very high.

 

Distribution

Please address all inquiries about V3.x to the Sim4Life sales team and all inquiries about V1.x to the Virtual Population Group. For downloading the models, please chose any model above to be re-directed. The download procedure will begin with a click on the model's DOI number. Additional information is also available under IT'IS Services.

 

Acknowledgements

The models were developed in cooperation with the Center for Devices and Radiological Health of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD, USA (FDA); the Austrian Research Centers GmbH, Seibersdorf, Austria; the University of Houston, TX, USA; the Hospital of the Friedrich-Alexander-University (FAU), Erlangen, Germany; and Siemens Medical Solutions, Erlangen, Germany.

The Mobile Manufacturers Forum, the GSM Association and SPEAG funded the development of two adult and two child models. The German Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) supported the development of four additional child models. Scientists at FDA (USA) validated the models.

Contributions from The Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development (ZonMw) supported the further development and significant improvement of the anatomical fidelity of the child models. Pediatricians at the Erasmus MC-Daniel den Hoed Cancer Center reviewed the models. The Swiss National Research Programme NRP 57 “Non-Ionising Radiation – Health and Environment” funded the development of the pregnant models.

 

References for citation

The Virtual Family – Development of Surface-based Anatomical Models of Two Adults and Two Children for Dosimetric Simulations

Andreas Christ, Wolfgang Kainz, Eckhart G. Hahn, Katharina Honegger, Marcel Zefferer, Esra Neufeld, Wolfgang Rascher, Rolf Janka, Werner Bautz, Ji Chen, Berthold Kiefer, Peter Schmitt, Hans-Peter Hollenbach, Jianxiang Shen, Michael Oberle, Dominik Szczerba, Anthony Kam, Joshua W. Guag and Niels Kuster, in Physics in Medicine and Biology, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp. N23–N38, January 2010


Development of a New Generation of High-Resolution Anatomical Models for Medical Device Evaluation: The Virtual Population 3.0

Marie-Christine Gosselin, Esra Neufeld, Heidi Moser, Eveline Huber, Silvia Farcito, Livia Gerber, Maria Jedensjo, Isabel Hilber, Fabienne Di Gennaro, Bryn Lloyd, Emilio Cherubini, Dominik Szczerba, Wolfgang Kainz and Niels Kuster, in Physics in Medicine and Biology, Volume 59, Issue 18, pp. 5287–5303, June 2014